Additives Effects on producing Gypsum plaster in Zurbatiyah area, Eastern Iraq
Keywords:Gypsum plaster, Additives, Sawdust, palm fibers, Compressive strength
Gypsum deposits are wide spread in Zurbatiyah area, Eastern of Iraq, especially in Fatha Formation. Gypsum deposits have been known as a suitable materials for gypsum plaster industry. Sawdust and Palm fibers powders have been added in different ratios to gypsum plaster material mixture to improve their industrial properties. Addition of 0 %,1 %, 5%, 10% and 15 % pass of 4.75 mm size of sawdust and palm fibers powder and 0 %, 1 %, 5%, 10% and 15 % pass of 5.60 mm size of sawdust and palm fibers powder to gypsum plaster material mixture. This ratios showed results of consistency (35-75 ml/gm), setting time (11-20 min) and compressive strength (2.2-4.4 N/mm2) for sawdust powders size 4.75 mm, whereas the results of consistency (35-63 ml/gm),setting time (11-21 min) and compressive strength (2.0-4.2 N/mm2) for palm fibers powders size pass of 4.75 mm. The addition of 1% and 5% pass of 4.75 mm sawdust and palm fibers powder to gypsum plaster material mixture showed an improvements in consistency(37-41ml/gm), (36-40ml/gm) setting time (13-14 min), (12-13 min) and compressive strength (4.2-4.4 N/mm2), and (4.1-4.2 N/mm2) for sawdust and palm fibers respectively. Also the addition of 1 % and 5 % pass of 5.60 mm sawdust and palm fibers powder showed consistency (40-45 ml/gm), (39-44 ml/gm), (14-15 min.), (12-13min.), (3.5-4.2 N/mm2), and (3.0-4.1 N/mm2), for sawdust and palm fibers respectively. In general, the results of current study conform the requirements of the Iraqi standard specification No. 28 (1988) and ASTM C28, C472 (2010) for ordinary gypsum plaster industry.
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